Wyden: State Department Must Protect Americans’ Passport Data, Limit Unfettered Access to 145 Million Americans Records
Wyden Investigation Reveals 25 Agencies Have Access to Passport Records with Little Oversight; CBP Officials Abused Passport Application Records To Investigate Reporters, According to Homeland Security Inspector General Report
Washington, D.C. – U.S. Senator Ron Wyden, D-Ore., today called on the State Department to create new protections for Americans’ passport application records, after learning that 25 federal agencies have unfettered access to a database containing 145 million Americans’ personal information.
“While there is a legitimate role for the use of this information by law enforcement, the current unregulated system of interagency access to millions of Americans’ records goes far beyond what a reasonable person would expect or tolerate,” Wyden wrote.
Wyden discovered the existence of this system while performing oversight of abuses identified by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Office of Inspector General in its report on a rogue Customs and Border Protection investigation known as ‘Project Whistlepig.’ The State Department confirmed that 25 federal agencies can access its passport application database in a July briefing for Wyden’s office.
According to the publicly released DHS Inspector General report, a CBP officer in a unit tasked with investigating international forced labor abuses abused his access to the State Department system in order to view the passport application of an American reporter and obtain personal information about the journalist and their family members.
Wyden requested the State Department make a number of reforms to better protect Americans’ passport data:
- Develop a policy to ensure other agencies are only accessing passport application records for a legitimate purpose, not baseless fishing expeditions.
- Provide notice to Americans when their data is shared with other agencies.
- Publish statistics annually on the number of data requests coming from each agency.
Wyden called on State to provide a full list of agencies with access to passport application data, and the policies and agreements governing that access, the number of times agencies have accessed such data, and what steps State has taken to prevent future abuses of its system.
Read the full letter here.
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